An area that was not part of phase 1 but where new possibilities are emerging. The development of biodiversity indicators in consumption-based accounting is an active research area, extending coverage of land-use change and deforestation into an understanding of species impacts and natural resource degradation. SEI York has been working at the forefront of this research area in the UK as part of engagement with the UK’s Joint Nature Conservation Committee, Global Resource Initiative, and Global Challenges Research Fund (GCRF) Trade Hub.


Here, PRINCE phase 2 will provide a summary of the state of the art and overview of the opportunities that exist to incorporate biodiversity indicators into consumption-based models, along with the considerations that must be made to do this effectively for policy making.