Subproject 4 will explore developing indicators for the use and emissions of hazardous chemicals, including pesticides. Hazardous chemicals have to date been included in assessments of environmental impacts of consumption to a very limited extent. The subproject will confront two major challenges: the scarce and uneven availability of comparable national data on the use and emissions of chemicals; and finding a meaningful way to aggregate data for a large number of substances with different environmental and health effects into meaningful indicators.
Subproject 4 will follow two main tracks so far used in Swedish studies for developing interim chemical footprint indicators:
Subproject 4 is led by Göran Finnveden of KTH.
Sörme, L., Palm, V. and Finnveden, G. (2016). Using E-PRTR data on point source emissions to air and water: first steps towards a national chemical footprint
. Environmental Impact Assessment Review
, 56. 102–12. DOI:10.1016/j.eiar.2015.09.007.
Brolinson, H., Palm, V., Wadeskog, A., Sörme, L., Arushanyan, Y. and Finnveden, G. (2013). Consumption-Based Indicators in Swedish Environmental Policy
. 6508. Swedish Environmental Protection Agency, Stockholm.
Palm, V., Finnveden, G. and Wadeskog, A. (2006). Swedish experience using environmental accounts data for integrated product policy issues
. Journal of Industrial Ecology
, 10(3). 57–72. DOI:10.1162/jiec.2006.10.3.57.
Rosenbaum, R. K. et al. (2008). USEtox—the UNEP-SETAC toxicity model: recommended characterisation factors for human toxicity and freshwater ecotoxicity in life cycle impact assessment
. International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment
, 13(7). 532–46.
Toller, S., Carlsson, A., Wadeskog, A., Miliutenko, S. and Finnveden, G. (2013). Indicators for environmental monitoring of the Swedish building and real estate management sector
. Building Research & Information
, 41(2). 146–55. DOI:10.1080/09613218.2012.749747.