Netherlands Organization for Applied Scientific Research


The Netherlands Organization for Applied Scientific Research, TNO, has more than 3000 researchers and staff. TNO develops and implements innovation in five thematic areas: energy, urbanization, industry, healthy living, and defence, safety and security. TNO is a major player in a growing international network comprising leading scientific institutes, companies with ambitious development profiles, universities and other partners in knowledge. TNO aims to ensure that the knowledge it develops, integrates and applies has real social and economic impact.

The TNO research group in Economics, located within TNO’s Earth, Life and Social Sciences expertise area, is one of Europe’s leading research units on the topic of environment, innovation, and sustainability. Its main area of competence is economic analysis and modelling based on a vast array of databases, including the large dataset of the EXIOPOL, CREEA and DESIRE research projects (EXIOBASE). Our modelling tools include computable general equilibrium (CGE) models, as well as sectoral and macro-econometric models (e.g. EXIOMOD and Three-ME). The Economics team works with clients at the national and international levels in the areas of regional innovation, and environmental and economic policy impact assessment. International clients include the European Commission (including the Directorates-General for Environment, Regional and Urban Policy, Research and Innovation, and Enterprise and Industry).

The TNO Climate, Air and Sustainability research group is able to quantify environmental pressures from production processes and product chains from cradle to grave, and compare different options. TNO advises companies on sustainability strategies and environmental risks.

In the PRINCE project, TNO’s main contribution is in refining air emission indicators. The team is also contributing to operationalization of the PRINCE framework,  case studies and analysis of the results.


Jinxue Hu is a research scientist in economics at TNO. She obtained her MSc degree in Economics and Business at the Erasmus University Rotterdam, specializing in “Strategy, entrepreneurship and organization” as well as “Urban, port and transport economics”. She is currently involved as an economic researcher in several projects. The topics she worked on are urban development, energy, transport and environmental economics. Her work mainly involved data analyses, cost benefit analyses input-output and economic modelling.

Dr Hettie Boonman is a researcher in economics at TNO. After completing a research masters degree in economics at Tilburg University in 2010, she studied for a PhD at the Department of Econometrics & Operations Research and CentER Graduate School at Tilburg from 2011 to 2014.  Her current research focuses on economic and environmental impact assessment modeling, computable general equilibrium theory and optimal control theory.

Jeroen Kuenen received an MSc in Applied Physics from Eindhoven University of Technology in 2006. He then joined TNO as a specialist in the design and compilation of international emission inventories for both greenhouse gases and air pollutants using various modelling tools including large relational database systems. As co-chair of the Expert Panel on Combustion and Industry of the UN Economic Commission for Europe Task Force on Emission Inventories and Projections (TFEIP), he is responsible for developing and improving emission estimation methods for technical guidance under the 1979 Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution and the EU National Emission Ceilings Directive. He has played a major role in the FP6/FP7 projects EXIOPOL, CREEA and DESIRE on calculating air emissions at global level, which were used to quantify environmental extensions in the EXIOBASE model.